General Skilled Migration (GSM) (Subclasses 189, 190 & 489), is the most common way for skilled individuals and families to migrate to Australia. GSM is a points-based visa system where applicants receive points for their age, English language ability, qualifications, work experience and many other areas as listed bottom of the page.
Here are the different types of visa subclasses for GSM:
Skilled Independent Subclass 189 - (Permanent visa)
This skilled independent Subclass 189 visa can be granted based on the visa applicants own merits based on a points based system and there is no requirement for sponsorship.
To be eligible you need:
to be 44 years old or younger at the time of invitation to apply
have a minimum points score of 65 or higher
have Competent English (IELTS +6 in each band) or higher (especially if you need extra points, points are only given for English scores IELTS +7 in each or equivalent)
meet the health and character requirements
To apply for a Subclass 189 visa you need to:
First lodge an expression of interest (EOI) and be invited to apply
Once you receive an invitation to apply you have 60 days to lodge a valid application.
Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 - (Permanent visa)
The Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 visa is requires nomination by a State or Territory Government. To be eligible you need:
to be 44 years old or younger at the time that you apply.
have a minimum points score of 65 or higher.
have Competent English (IELTS +6 in each band) or higher .
meet the health and character requirements.
your occupation needs to be on the specific State's skilled occupations list.
To apply for a Subclass 190 visa you need to:
first lodge an expression of interest (EOI) and be invited to apply.
Have the required points score for the relevant State & occupation, as some states and occupations require a higher points score to be eligible to receive an invitation to apply.
Once again, when you receive an invitation to apply, you have 60 days to lodge a valid application.
We can assist you by assessing your eligibility and by completing and lodging an EOI, and then a State nomination and or visa application.
Skilled Regional Provisional Subclass 489 - (Provisional visa)
This is visa is valid for a period of four (4) years, however it only permits the visa holder to live in regional areas of Australia. A requirement of this visa is that you are sponsored by an Australian relative that also lives in Regional Australia, or by a state or territory government.
To be eligible you need:
to be 44 years old or younger at the time that you apply for a subclass 489.
have Competent English (IELTS +6 in each band) or higher.
meet the health and character requirements.
your occupation needs to be on the ANZSCO occupation list and be either a skill level 1, 2 or 3.
you will also need to have the required level of skills based on the skill level of your particular occupation.
To apply for a Subclass 489 visa you need to be sponsored by a relative living in a Designated Area. Your relative sponsor must be an Australian citizen, permanent resident or Eligible New Zealand Citizen. One of the following relatives can sponsor you for the Subclass 489 visa:
Brother or Sister
Uncle or Aunt
Nephew or Niece
The applicable Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) if sponsored by a relative is the same as the list for the Skilled Independent visa Subclass 189.
To apply for a Subclass 489 visa you need to:
first lodge an expression of interest (EOI),
Once you receive an invitation to apply, you have 60 days to lodge a valid application.
You can include the following types of family members in your application:
Spouse, de facto partner or same-sex partner.
Dependent children, up to 23 years of age (there are some exceptions).
Once the visa is granted, you and your included family members can only live, work or study in an approved regional area. The approved regional areas vary depending on whether you are sponsored by a State or Territory Government or a relative:
State or Territory Government: you can only live in a regional or low population growth area.
Relative: you can live in a designated area.
Skilled Regional Subclass 887 - (Permanent stage of the Subclass 489 visa)
The Subclass 887 Skilled Regional visa is the second (permanent) stage of the Subclass 489 Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa pathway. To qualify for a Skilled Regional visa, you need:
to have lived in a specific area of regional Australia for 2 years and work full time there for a period of at least 12 months.
Cost: The Visa Application Charge (VAC) for a GSM primary visa applicant is currently $4,045, the secondary (adult) applicant costs $2,025 and secondary (child) applicants cost $940 (VAC’s are updated and correct as of the 1st July 2019).
Skilled Migration Points Test:
GSM visas now have a minimum points score requirement of 65 points, you receive points for:
Your age: 18-24 = 25 points, 25-32 = 30 points, 33-39 = 25 points, 40-44 = 15 points (up to a maximum of 30 points).
English language ability: (IELTS +6 in each minimum = 0 points) Proficient IELTS: 7+ in each band = 10 points, Superior 8+ in each band = 20 points (up to a maximum 20 points).
Overseas qualifications: Recognised Trade Qualification including a Diploma or Trade Certificate completed at an Australian educational institution or other award or qualification recognised by the relevant skills assessing authority (e.g. VETASSESS) = 10 points.
Recognised Bachelor degree or higher = 15 points, Recognised PhD (Doctorate) = 20 points (up to a maximum of 20 points),
Australian qualifications (5 points), Study in Regional Australia or a Low Population Growth Area (5 points),
Specialist Educational Qualification (5 points),
Professional Year in Australia for certain occupations (5 points).
Overseas work-experience: 3 years = 5 points, 5 years = 10 points, 8 years = 15 points (up to a maximum of 15 points) (in the last 10 years in your nominated occupation or a closely related skilled occupation).
Australian work experience: 1 year = 5 points, 3 years = 10 points, 5 years = 15 points, 8 years = 20 points (up to a maximum of 20 points) (last 10 years in nominated or closely related occupation).
Your partner's Age (under 50), English ability (IELTS +6 in each band) & Skills Assessment (5 points),
NAATI Accredited para-professional interpreter or translator (5 points),
Subclass 190 (5 points), Subclass 489 (10 points).
Please note: the GSM visas and points system will be changing in November 2019, some visas will be replaced and the points system will change slightly.
If you would like more information or to have your skilled migration points score assessed please contact us, live chat, or phone us on +61 4 977 888 91.